Long before the presidential election, the populist candidate’s mental state was under attack. The New York Times ran a series over several days suggesting he was unfit for office. It included a letter from an anonymous psychiatrist diagnosing the candidate’s “megalomania” and saying he “presents in speech and action striking and alarming evidence of a mind not entirely sound.” Another piece said the political outsider was “laboring under the delusion he is persecuted” and possessed “an enormous passion for haranguing every time he sees a crowd gathered.” One psychologist refused to call the candidate “ordinarily crazy,” but added “I would like to examine him,” while another said he was “beset with what I believe to be delusions.”
But, dear reader, hold your amusement or your rage. These articles appeared in 1896. The victim of the Times’s insanity assault was not Donald Trump but William Jennings Bryan, the Democratic presidential nominee. It is a reminder that the media frenzy this week about Mr. Trump’s mental acuity isn’t the first time the question has been raised about a White House occupant or a presidential candidate. It won’t be the last.
The current conflagration was set off by Michael Wolff’s “Fire and Fury,” a lengthy tabloid gossip article masquerading as a book. It includes the genre’s usual collection of anonymous quotes, unsourced descriptions and clever insinuations, all heavily influenced by the author’s liberal biases.
The book contains little that will change the opinions of either Trump haters or Trump lovers. Some of the material is obvious score settling by West Wing adversaries. Some of it is spicy and sensational gossip. A good portion of it can never be confirmed, and some of it already has been credibly denied. My assessment is that much of the book is probably untrue, and most of what is correct Americans knew already.
Portions of the text undermine the author, not his target. Consider Chapter 8, where Mr. Wolff writes at length about the conflicting approaches of three top White House aides. In Mr. Wolff’s telling, Chief of Staff Reince Priebus was “cultivating” congressional Republicans to advance the Trump agenda; son-in-law Jared Kushner was “concentrating on presidential bonhomie and CEO roundtables”; and senior adviser Steve Bannon was focused on “a succession” of executive orders “that would move the new administration forward without having to wade through Congress.” The president, according to Mr. Wolff, “didn’t understand why he couldn’t have them all.”
But why couldn’t he? One can criticize the effectiveness of Messrs. Priebus, Kushner and Bannon, but every Oval Office occupant wants Congress to pass his agenda, seeks support among outside constituencies to advance his program, and uses his powers as chief executive to advance his policies as much as that authority allows. If someone here doesn’t understand how the presidency functions, it is Mr. Wolff, not Mr. Trump.
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